Cardiac Risk Assessment
A non-invasive test that predicts future risk of heart disease by performing a comprehensive analysis of the state and function of the major blood vessels.
As the saying goes, “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure”.
This test is for
The tests include
Test to assess if the vascular age matches that of the chronological age or if the vascular age is much higher (eg: Vascular age of 80yrs for a 50yr old patient). Predicts future risk of heart disease and hypertension.
Test to assess how compliant the arteries are to compression and relaxation. Arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of heart disease and hypertension.
The endothelium secretes Nitric Oxide which dilate the blood vessels and increases blood flow. In endothelial dysfunction, this function is impaired resulting in the arteries not dilating and becoming stiffer.
Central Arterial Blood Pressure (CABP):
Central Blood Pressure refers to the pressure in the Aorta – the largest artery into which the heart pumps. Emerging studies are stating that Aortic Blood Pressure is a better predictor for future cardiac events when compared to the traditional brachial blood pressure. It is the Aortic Blood Pressure which determines the cardiac workload.
Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV):
Carotid to Femoral Pulse Wave Velocity is used clinically as a measure of arterial stiffness and is a predictor of future cardiovascular events (heart attack, stroke). It has been recognized by the European Society of Hypertension as an indicator of end organ damage.